Reading Comprehension

Understanding what you have read is very important. Check out this page, or our links to other sites on reading comprehension.

 

 
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Reading Comprehension

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Comprehension means getting the meaning from what we read. It is the heart of reading. Research shows that knowledge of letter-sound relationship and comprehension go hand in hand. If children can sound out the words, but don't understand what they are reading, they are not really reading.

Children can build their comprehension by learning to use mental plans or strategies, to get the meaning as they read. These strategies include using what they already know, to make sense of what they read, making predictions, paying attention to the reading content, creating mental pictures, asking questions and summarizing what is read.

 

Topic Main Idea and Supporting Detail

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Topic main idea

It is important to find the main idea while reading. Main idea in a text helps readers remember important information.
 
The main idea of comprehension tells the topic of the paragraph. The topic tells, what all or most of the sentences are about.
 Ex. Soccer players learn many skills while playing soccer.
     Soccer players learn how to dribble and pass the ball. They also learn how to control the ball, so that they can eventually score. It is very important that soccer players learn how to work together with their teammates.
 

 What is the main idea?
 
1. "They also learn how to control the ball, so that they can eventually score."
2. Soccer players learn how to dribble.
3. Soccer players learn many skills while playing.


"Now you know the main idea of a Comprehension. The other sentences in the Comprehension are called as the supporting details."

The supporting details

The supporting details describe or explain the main idea elaborately.

Ex. Soccer players learn many skills while playing soccer. Soccer players learn how to dribble and pass the ball. They also learn how to control the ball, so that they can eventually score. It is very important that soccer players learn how to work together with their teammates.

 What are the supporting details?

 
1. Soccer players learn how to control the ball, so that they can eventually score.
2. Soccer players learn how to dribble.
3. Soccer players learn many skills while playing.

 

Sequence of Events

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The order in which the events follow one after another and go through the comprehension and look for words like first, next, last, after, before and finally to figure out the sequence of events that take place in a passage.
 
Ex.1 The city zoo in California just received its first three animals. The first animal it received was a monkey. The second animal that arrived was a deer. The last one it received was a tiger. Children in California are very excited about visiting the zoo.
 
Now write the order of the animals, which arrived at the zoo.

1. Cross Monkey       b. Tiger         c. Deer
2. a. Tiger           b. Monkey    Cross Deer
3. a. Deer            Cross Tiger          c. Monkey


Ex. 2  Jane made a peanut butter and jam sandwich for herself. First she spread out peanut butter on a slice of bread. Next she spread the jam on another slice of bread. After spreading the jam on, she put the two slices of bread together. Finally, she ate it. It was yummy!
 
I.   Try this.

1. What did Jane first do?
 
a. Spread jam
Cross Spread peanut butter
c.  Ate it
 
2. Next what did she do?
 
a.  Joined the slices
 Cross  Spread the jam
c.  Put the 2 slices together
 
3. Finally she _____.
 
Cross  Joined the slices
b.  Spread jam
c.  Ate the sandwich


II. Click the order in which she prepared the sandwich.

1. What did Jane first do?
 
a.  Ate it
b.  Spread jam
Cross   Spread peanut butter
 
2. Next what did she do?
 
a.   Put the 2 slices together
b.   Joined the slices
Cross   Spread the jam
 
3. Finally she _____.
 
a.  Spread jam
Cross  Joined the slices
c.
  Ate the sandwich

 

Cause and Effect

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CAUSE EFFECT

A cause is something that makes something else happen. Out of two events, it is the event that happens first.
 

An effect is the out come of the cause. Of two related events, it's the one that happens second or last.
 


When you read a passage, ask yourself these questions:

What happens?

Why does it happen?

Answering these questions will help you understand the passage.
A cause is a reason for an event. An effect is what happens as a result of a cause.

Example:

1. When the door slammed shut, the baby woke up crying .

When the door slammed shut, the baby woke up crying .

                              CAUSE
 

                              EFFECT
 

2. Our car ran out of gas on the way to town, so we had to walk.

Our car ran out of gas on the way to town, so we had to walk.

                              CAUSE
 

                              EFFECT
 

3. We had to climb the stairs because the elevator was broken.

We had to climb the stairs because the elevator was broken.

                             EFFECT
 

                              CAUSE
 

Author's Point of View

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There are several reasons why authors write things. They write to inform or teach someone about something. Authors, sometimes write to entertain people. Some other times authors even write to persuade or convince people, to do or not to do something.

Noting Details

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As you go through the given passage thoroughly and arrive at certain conclusions by means of using your reasoning capacity, you note certain details.

1. Bob is tall. Jim is taller than Bob.. Lee is taller than Jim.
Who is taller?
Lee.

2. Mandy liked the movie. Teresa liked the movie more than Mandy. Liz liked the movie more than Teresa.
Who liked the movie the least?
Mandy.

3. Brett was happy. Jenny was happier than Brett. Roger was happier then Jenny.
Who was the happiest?
Roger.

Fantasy and Realism

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Writing a story that has been invented is Fantasy. The story would be about things that could really happen (realistic) or about things that could not happen (fantasy).
Realism Here the writing is based on facts. It usually gives information about people, places or things. A person can often tell while reading, whether a story or book is a fantasy or realism.


Read the following passages and decide whether each one is a fantasy or realism. See F for fantasy and R for realism.

"Do not be afraid, little flowers", said the oak. Close your yellow eyes in sleep and trust in me. You have made me glad many a time with your sweet fragrance. Now I will take care and see that the winter will do you no harm. (F)

Be careful when you remove the dish out of a microwave. It will be very hot, so take care not to get burned by the dish or the hot steam. If possible leave the dish in the microwave for 2 or 3 minutes to cool down. It is always better to use a potholder to remove a hot dish out of a microwave. (R)

Following Directions

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Following directions is an important skill in Comprehension. It has to be cultivated when you are trying to find a new place or build a model airplane or to use a new recipe, you should follow the directions given.
Follow the directions:

Read the following recipe to prepare a delicious fruit salad.
Things required:
1. 1 Fresh Pine Apple
2. 2 Bananas
3. 1Cup of Strawberries
4. 2 Oranges
5. 1 Pear
6. 1 Cup seed less Grapes
7. Lemon juice
 

Directions:

1. Cut the fruits into small pieces.
2. Slice pears, bananas, and strawberries.
3. Peel the orange and divide into sections
4. Dip each fruit piece in lemon juice and mix all fruits in a large bowl.
5. Cover and Chill.
6. Pour a fruit dressing of your choice over the chilled fruit. Blend well and serve cold.

1. How many Bananas does the recipe require?
    2 Bananas

2. Which 3 fruits do you slice?
     Pear, Banana, and Strawberries

3. Which do you do first?
     Pour dressing over the fruit.
     Slice the Pear.
    
Serve the fruit salad.

Drawing Conclusions

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Drawing conclusions means to use the clues given in the passage and make a final decision about something you read. To draw a conclusion you must read the comprehension carefully.

Jane and Steve took turns in pushing the shopping cart. They went up and down the aisles. Each time they stopped the cart, they would look at the racks and decide what they needed. Jane asked her elder brother, "will I need a box of crayons in Mrs. Charles' class?"

"Yes, I think so", he answered. Then he turned to their mother and said, "I need some new notebooks. Can I get some"?

1. Where were they?
     They were at the store.

2. What are they doing there?
     They were buying some school supplies.

3. How do you know?  Write at least 2 clue words that helped you.
      Mrs. Charles' class, note books, box of crayons.

 

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