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Having a good vocabulary is very important. Check out this page, or our links to other sites on vocabulary.

 

 
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Vocabulary

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A large vocabulary is very important for a student's success with reading comprehension and developing communication skills. Vocabulary includes antonyms, synonyms, homophones and homographs. Prefixes and suffixes also form a part of vocabulary.

Prefix: The letters Un-, Re-, Pre-, Bi-, Mis-, Dis- are placed before a word to form a new word.

Example:
Tie                     Untied
Clean                 Unclean
Mix                    Remix
Spell                  Misspell
Like                   Dislike
Caution              Precaution

Suffix: The letters -er, -est, -ful are placed after a word to form a new word.

Example:
Harm                 Harmful
Strong               Strongest
Big                    Bigger

 

Antonyms and Synonyms

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Antonyms and Synonyms
Antonyms and Synonyms

Antonyms: Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. (Example: adult - child, start - stop, fresh - stale)

Synonyms: Synonyms are words that have similar meanings. (Example: make - produce, no body - no one, cheap - inexpensive)

Homophones, Homographs and Homonyms

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Homophones, Homographs and Homonyms
Homophones, Homographs and Homonyms

Homophones

Homophones are words that sound alike but have different meanings and different spellings.
Example:
Accept, except
(Accept means receive and except means without)
Week, weak
(Week means 7days of the week and weak means to feel sick)
See, sea
(See means to look and sea means a big water body)

Homographs

Homographs are words that are spelled the same way but have different meanings. Some Homographs are also pronounced differently.
Example:
        1. I couldn't bear to give my pet bear to a zoo!
            The first meaning of bear is to tolerate. The second one is an animal.
        2. Grace didn't feel well after falling into the well.
            The first meaning of well is good health. The second one is an underground supply of water.
        3. The oil well is yours and the gold mine is mine.
            The first meaning of mine is underground supply. The second one is belongs to me.
        4. The rose bushes rose out of the fertile ground.
            The first meaning of rose is a flower. The second one is to grow.
 

Homonyms

Homonyms, or homophones, are words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings.

Example:
             1. Aunt Grace hates hunting, so please hide that deer hide before she gets here.
             2. The key to the new boat was dropped on the quay.
             3. Carlos refuses to buy any book written by that author.

Root Words

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Root words
Root Words
Root Words are the basic part of a word, which usually carry the meaning.
Example:
    Kind
    Gentle
    Polite
    Worth

Suffix and Prefix

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Suffix, and Prefix
Suffix and Prefix

Suffix

A Suffix is a word that is added to the end of a base word. Suffixes also change the meaning of base words.
Example:
worth/less
kind/ness
break/able

Prefix

A Prefix is a word part that is added to the beginning of a base word. Prefixes change the meaning of base words.
Example:
dis/appear
in/definite
re/arrange

 

Links to other sites on Vocabulary

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Roots and Prefixes http://www.quia.com/jg/66094list.html
 

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