The Earth's Moon

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Interested in information about our moon? Check out this page, or our links to other sites on space.

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The Moon

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The Earth's Moon

The moon is a satellite that revolves around the Earth in an oval shaped orbit. Earth's moon is smaller than the Earth. It is smaller than the sun. It looks bigger because it is much closer to the Earth. It is 240,000 miles (384,000 kilometers) away.

Moon appears in the nighttime. The Moon turns so slowly that a moon's day is two Earth-weeks long. Then it is night for the next two weeks. The moon is very hot during daytime and gets very cold at night. It appears hotter than boiling water because there is no air to protect the moon from the hot sunlight. It gets very, very cold during night because there is no air to hold heat on the moon. The moon has no atmosphere, air or water, to support life. Moon can be seen clearly with your eyes, binoculars, or a telescope.

Many manned and unmanned spacecrafts from the United States and Russia have landed on the moon to study its surface. The surface of the moon has many craters caused by being hit by large meteoroids and asteroids. The moon is much like Earth in some ways. Its rocks are similar to Earth rocks. Lava rock from underground volcanic eruptions look like the lava rocks found on Earth.

Rotation of the Moon

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Rotation of the Moon

The Moon takes 29 1/3 days to make one orbit around the Earth. It also takes 29 1/3 days to complete one rotation on its axis.

The phases, or changing appearance, of the Moon depends on its position in relation to the position of the Sun.

Atmosphere of the Moon

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Moon's atmosphere
The moon is much like the Earth in some ways. Its rocks are similar to Earth rocks. The moon has no atmosphere, air or water, to support life. There are tall mountains and flat, dusty plains on the moon. The big holes on the moon are called Craters, which are made when space rocks hit the moon.

Light from the Moon

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Light from the Moon
We always see the one side of the Moon from the Earth. You have to go into space to see the other side. Moon does not make its own light. We can see it because it reflects light from the sun.

Eclipse of the Moon

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Every object, the Sun shines on casts its shadow. The Earth and moon also cast their shadows on each other. Most of the times these shadows fall on empty space. But sometimes we can see them from the Earth. As the moon revolves around the Earth, at times the Sun, the Earth, and the Moon are in a straight line.
Lunar Eclipse

Lunar Eclipse

The Earth blocks the sun's light falling on the Moon. The Moon appears to be dark for a brief period, after which you would see a full moon. This is called as "Lunar Eclipse". It occurs when the shadow of the Earth falls on the Moon. It occurs only on a full moon day, but not on all full moon days.

Solar Eclipse

When the moon casts its shadow on the Earth it is called as "Solar Eclipse". It occurs only on a new moon day, but not on all new moon days.

Solar Eclipse

 

Books about the Moon

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Links to other sites on the Moon

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View of Moon from Sun http://www.fourmilab.ch/cgi-bin
/uncgi/Earth/action?opt=-s&img=Moon.evif
View of Moon from Earth http://www.fourmilab.ch/cgi-bin
/uncgi/Earth/action?opt=-m&img=Moon.evif
The Moon http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/
astronomy/moon/index.shtml
The Moon http://www.kidsastronomy.com/earth/moons.htm
Phases of the Moon http://www.windows.ucar.edu/tour/link=
/the_universe/uts/moon2.html&edu=elem
Eclipses http://www.scienceu.com/observatory/
articles/eclipses/eclipses.html
Eclipse Interactive http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/olcweb/cgi/pluginpop.cgi?it=swf::800::600::/
sites/dl/free/0072482621/78778/Eclipses_Nav.swf::
Eclipse%20Interactive
Phases of the Moon
Interactive
http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/olcweb/cgi/pluginpop.cgi?it=swf::800::600::/
sites/dl/free/0072482621/78778/
Lunar_Nav.swf::Lunar%20Phases%20Interactive
 

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