<< Back to Lessons Index

Reading and Writing Rocks Yellow / Lesson 1: Outlining and Parts of a Book

OutLining Information and Parts of a Book
OUTLINING INFORMATION


  • Outlining is a good way to organize information for a research paper,  report, a speech, etc. An outline can also be used to take notes and is a good tool for reviewing and remembering information for   tests.


OUTLINING INFORMATION


  • An outline organizes ideas and details into a useful plan where the order, relationship, and importance of the information can be seen at a glance. There are two main kids of outlines:

1. Topic Outline presents ideas stated in words or phrases, not sentences. It is most useful for preliminary outlines or for remembering and reviewing.


2. Sentence Outline presents ideas expressed in complete sentences. It is most useful for final outlines where more information is called for.


OUTLINING INFORMATION


  • An outline follows these rules:

    1. The title is centered and placed above the outline.
    2. The introduction and conclusion may or may not be included in the outline.
        They are preceded by Roman numerals if placed in the outline, but they do not require     subtopics.
        (The introduction will include the definition and/or identification of the main idea. The     conclusion summarizes and brings the paper to a close.)
    3. All numbers and letters are followed by periods.
    4. Main topics are numbered with Roman numerals (I., II., III., ...).
    5. Subtopics are under the main topics and are lettered with capital letters (A., B., C., ...)
    6. Subtopics are divided in descending order of importance by Arabic numbers (1., 2., 3, ...);     small letters are placed under Arabic numbers (a., b., c., ...).
    7. Indent all subtopics: .


Example of how an outline is indented


  • I.
          A.
  •           1.
              2.
          B.
          C.
  • II.
          A.
          B.
  •           1.
                    a.
                    b.
  •           2.


Some Final outlining rules


  • 8. Subtopics cannot stand alone; if you have an A., you must have a B.; a 1. must be accompanied by a 2., and so on.

  • 9. Begin each topic and subtopic with a capital letter.

  • 10. In a topic outline, do not follow words or phrase with a period.

  • 11. All main topics and subtopics must be parallel in form:

    If you use a noun for topic A., you must use a noun for topic B.
    If 1. is a phrase, 2. must be phrase.


Parts of a Book


  • What is a Book by Lora Dunetz

  • A book is pages, pictures, and words
    A book is animals, people, and birds;
    A book is stories of queens and kings,
    Poems, and songs - so many things!
    Curled in a corner where I can hide,
    With a book I can journey far and wide.
    Though it's only paper from end to end,
    A book is a very special friend.


Title Page


  • The title page is the first page in the book. It tells you the title of the book, who wrote it (the author) and who drew the pictures (the illustrator). It also tells you who published the book.
  • Title
    This is the name of the book.
  • Author
    This is the person who wrote the book.
  • Illustrator
    This is the person who drew the illustrations or pictures.
  • Publishing Company
    This is the company that makes the book after it has been written and illustrated.


Spine


  • The spine of a book holds it together. On the spine you will find the title of the book, the author's name, the call number, and the name of the publishing company.
  • Title
    This is the name of the book.
  • Author
    This is the name of the person who wrote the book.
  • Call Number
    This number tells you where the book can be found in the library (See "Where Can I Find...?").
  • Publishing Company
    This is the company that makes the


Cover


  • The cover of the book protects its pages. It also tells you the title of the book and the name of the author.
  • Title
    This is the name of the book.
  • Author
    This is the name of the person who wrote the book


Call Number


  • The call number is a group of numbers or letters that tells you where to find the book in the library. It may have numbers or letters. It may even have both numbers and letters.
  • See "Where Can I Find...?" for more information about how call numbers to you where to find a book.


Definitions of other book parts


  • subject matter of a book --text
  • list of references at the end of a book ---bibliography
  • additional information supplementing the text--appendix
  • international standard book number ---ISBN
  • inscription in a book in someone's honor ---dedication
  • an explanatory section of a book---introduction
  • exclusive right of ownership given to an author ---copyright
  • gives an alphabetical listing of book contents ---index