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Reading and Writing Rocks Yellow / Lesson 18: Contractions

Contractions
What will we be learning today?


  • In this lesson, we are going to learn all about contractions.

  • The vocabulary word is contractions.
Can you name a contraction?


  • We will begin today's lesson, by taking an online quiz about contractions.


Do you know what a contraction is?


  • A contraction is two words that have been put together. Unlike a compound word,
             a contraction puts two words together but leaves out some of the letters.
Do you know what an apostrophe is?


  • An apostrophe is a punctuation mark. It looks like this ? . You use an apostrophe in a            word when letters are left out.


Let us look at some examples of contractions.


  • If you add these two words together, what will you get?

    is + not =

    Did you guess the word isn't?

    Try another one. What do you get when you add these two?

    does + not =

    Did you guess doesn't? Look where the apostrophe is. What letter is missing?

    Good for you, it is the letter o !


Let us look at some examples of contractions.


  • Look at the two words in the left hand column. See if you can match them to the words in the right hand column.


  • Now check your work. Look in the last column, these are the letters that have been left out.


  • Have you noticed that making a contraction is like smashing two words together? When you smash them, some of the letters get knocked out of the way.

  • Can you make up your own contractions? Can you put two words together and drop some of the letters? Of course not! There are certain words that make contractions, you will learn more and more about them as you read and write this year.


Let's Review What We Learned Today!


  • A contraction is two words that are put together, with some of the letters moved out.

  • An apostrophe is a punctuation mark that shows where the letters have been taken from the contraction.