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Reading and Writing Rocks Yellow / Lesson 3: Present Tense

Verb Tenses
Verb Tense


  • Tense shows the time of a verb's action or being.

    There are three forms reflected by changes in the endings of verbs:
    1.Present tense---Now
    2. Past Tense----Happened
    3. Past Participle---Happened in the past but before another event or action

    (Future Tense does not change the ending of a word so it is not listed in this list)


Past Tense


  • The simple past tense indicates that something happened in the past:

  • Example: She was a student.

    We use past tense to tell about something that happened at a specific time in the past, or to tell about something that happened repeatedly in the past.


Past Tense


  • Rules for past tense

  • For regular verbs add "ed" to the end of the word to make it past tense

  • add "ed"

  • Example: The word wait becomes "waited" in past tense


Past Tense


  • If a word already has an "e" at the end of it then just add a "d"

  • Example: The word love ends in "e" so to make it past tense you just add "d"

  • "loved"


Past Tense


  • Vowels are: a, e, I, o, u and sometimes y

  • Consonants are all the other letters that are not vowels

  • Sometimes a word needs to add a consonant to it plus add "ed" to the end to make it past tense-these are for words that have a vowel in them before the final consonant

  • Example rub becomes rubbed

  • Or rob becomes robbed

  • So the "b" + "ed" made it past tense


Past Tense


  • For words that end in "y" change the "y" to an "i" and add "ed"

  • So cry becomes cried ( "i" + "ed")


Past Tense


  • Some words do not change
    Example: hit stays hit

  • Some words get a "t" ending
    Example: Learn becomes learnt

  • Sometimes the vowel in a word changes
    Example: run becomes ran


Past Participle


  • The past participle form is combined with auxiliary verbs to indicate that something happened in the past prior to another action:

  • Auxiliary verbs are helping verbs such as: had or has that are added to the verb to make it past tense----list of more helping verbs are on next page
    Example: She has been a student.


Past Participle


  • Helping verbs or auxiliary verbs such as: will, shall, may, might, can, could, must, ought to, should, would, used to, need are used in conjunction with main verbs to express shades of time and mood.

  • The combination of helping verbs with main verbs creates what are called verb phrases or verb strings.


Past Participle

Examples: Add helping verb before the verb to make it past tense


  • I shall go now.
  • He had won the election.
  • They did write that novel together.
  • I am going now.
  • He was winning the election.
  • They have been writing that novel for a long time.


Present Tense


  • The present tense indicates that something is happening or being now:
  • Example: She is a student.


Present Tense


  • Present tense is usually just the verb or a verb with a consonant + "ing" ending
    Example: I play tennis.
    Example: running, swimming, helping

  • Use the Present tense to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.


Present Tense


  • The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
    Example: Cats like milk.


Present Tense


  • Sometimes we use the Present tense to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now.

  • Example:   I am here now.

                      She is not here now.


Present Tense

Sometimes a word in present tense just adds an s to the end
Example: to hurt becomes hurts in prese nt tense