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Reading and Writing Rocks Yellow / Lesson 4: Writing Paragraphs

Writing Paragraph
A Paragraph


  • A Paragraph is a group of sentences that tells about one main idea. The first line of a paragraph is indented. This means the first word is moved in a little from the left margin.


A topic Sentence


  • A topic sentence expresses the main idea of the paragraph. It tells what all the other sentences in the paragraph are about. The topic sentence is often the first sentence in a paragraph.


Detail Sentences


  • All of the other sentences in a paragraph are called detail sentences.
  • Detail sentences add information about the topic sentence. They help the audience understand more about the main idea.


How to write a paragraph:


  • 1. Write a topic sentence that clearly tells the main idea of your paragraph
    2. Indent the first line
    3. Write detail sentences that tell about the main idea.
  • Paragraphs should always be about three to five or more sentences long.


Types of Paragraphs:


  • 1.Expository Paragraph
    2. Narrative Paragraph
    3. Descriptive Paragraph
    4. How to Paragraph
    5. Information Paragraph
    6. Compare & Contrast Paragraph
    7. Cause & Effect Paragraph
    8. Evaluation Paragraph
    9. Persuasive Paragraph


Expository Paragraph:


  • This is a paragraph that expresses the main idea in a well-focused topic sentence. The details and examples are connected in topic sentences
  • All paragraphs should be set up like this!!


Narrative Paragraph


  • A narrative tells a story. It tells about real or made-up events. A narrative tells about one main idea. A narrative should have a beginning, a middle, and an end. Most narratives have dialogue. A writer uses dialogue to show how characters speak to one another.


Descriptive Paragraph


  • In a descriptive paragraph a writer describes a person, a place, thing or event. A good description lets the reader see, feel, hear and sometimes taste or smell what is being described


How To Paragraph


  • A How to Paragraph gives directions or explains how to do something. Detail sentences in a how-to-paragraph use time ?order words to show the correct order of steps.


Information Paragraph


  • An information paragraph gives facts about one topic. It has a topic sentence that tells the main idea. Detail sentences give facts about the main idea.


Compare & Contrast Paragraph


  • In a compare & Contrast Paragraph, a writer shows how two people, places, things, or ideas are alike or different. To compare means to show how two things are similar. To contrast means to show how two things are different


Cause & Effect Paragraph


  • A cause is an event that makes something else happen. An effect is something that happens as a result of a cause. One cause may have several effects. One effect may have several causes.
  • In a cause & effect paragraph, a writer focuses on a cause that results in certain effects or an effect that can be traced back to its causes. This type of paragraph can begin with either the cause or the effect.


Evaluation Paragraph


  • In an evaluation paragraph, a writer judges a subject or idea. Then, the writer provides reasons or examples to support his judgment. A writer might judge if something is good or bad or a writer may even write about something that he/she dislikes.


Persuasive Paragraph


  • In a Persuasive Paragraph, a writer tries to make the readers agree with his or her opinion on an issue. The writer tries to convince the readers to agree by writing reasons as to why he or she feels the way they do.