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Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 11: The American Revolution: Strengths and Weaknesses



American Revolution: Strengths and Weaknesses PART ONE
The American Revolution




  • The war changed the colonies forever


  • The war lasted 8 years-it was supposed to end quickly


  • men had run the businesses; while the men went off to fight


  • Some women sewed clothes for the soldiers and nursed the wounded


  • Many men had died, and children grew up without their fathers



Before the War: British Advantages or Strengths

 

  • 1. The British had the most powerful navy in the world

     

  • 2. The British were going through an Industrial Revolution; which left them a wealthy nation which could produce lots of weapons & uniforms

 


British Advantages or Strengths


  • 3. Britain had well trained & disciplined soldiers

  • 4. Britain also used it's wealth to get German soldiers to help them---so they had support of other countries
    (The soldiers from Germany were called German mercenaries or German Hessians)

  • A mercenary is a soldier paid to fight for another country

  • The Germans were from the German state of Hesse-Kassel


American Advantages or Strengths

 

  • 1. The Americans were defending their own homes which gave them motivation to fight

     

  • 2. The Americans knew the land; and they used it for attacks

     

  • 3. They had learned guerilla warfare from the Indians: these are surprise sneak attacks instead of being lined up in the open to fight like the British

 


American Advantages or Strengths

 

  • 4. The Americans had skilled men like Washington, who knew how to fight-as he was trained by the British and he fought for them in the French and Indian Wars

     

  • 5. Americans had the help of French soldiers or mercenaries

 


British disadvantages or weaknesses:

 

  • 1. The war was not popular in England so their was no motivation to fight

     

  • 2. The English and Scottish people that lived in Britain did not want to pay for the war-they did not want to pay their taxes either

 


British weaknesses or disadvantages

 

  • 3. The war was very far away from Britain-so it took months to get more supplies to soldiers

     

  • 4. It was costly for the British to have thousands of soldiers overseas

 


American weaknesses or disadvantages

 

  • 1. The patriots had no army or navy in the beginning-just minutemen

     

  • 2. Getting men to serve in a continental army was tough

     

  • 3. The army had no money to feed, clothe or pay soldiers

     

  • 4. The army had a shortage of weapons

 


American Revolution: PART TWO



George Washington: From Military Commander to President

 

  • George Washington was born in 1732 in Westmoreland County, Virginia

     

  • His parents owned land

     

  • George was good at Math-so at age 16 he landed his first job as a surveyor or a person who measures land

    To know more information click on this image

 


 

George Washington

 

  • His surveyor job paid well and he bought his own land with his money

     

  • He joined the military in 1752 so he could gain honor

     

  • The British paid colonial soldiers less than the British soldiers and they lowered his rank during the French and Indian War because he was a colonist, so Washington was angry

    To know more information click on this image

 


George Washington

 

  • Washington was elected to the House of Burgesses in 1758

     

  • 1759-George retired from the military to manage his land

     

  • 1759-He married a wealthy woman named Martha Custis who became Martha Washington when she became his wife

     

  • George and Martha moved to Mount Vernon that same year; this was the name of his land or his plantation on the Potomac River in Virginia

    To know more information click on this image

 


Martha Washington

 

  • During the Revolution---she helped her husband with paperwork, she sewed his clothes and cooked for the American soldiers

    To know more information click on this image

 


Washington in the War

 

  • George was clever when it came to spying on the British

     

  • A London newspaper said that "Washington did not really outfight the British, he simply outspied us"

    To know more information click on this image

 


George Washington

 

  • Washington allowed African Americans to fight in his continental army in 1776

     

  • After the war George freed his own plantation slaves

     

  • George had made an important step toward how slavery would be viewed in the North

     

  • George thought: "How could the colonies continue to enslave African Americans when they were willing to fight and die for all Americans?"

    To know more information click on this image

 


Women in the War

 

  • There were some women spies

     

  • There were women that helped on the battlefield by nursing soldiers and carrying water to thirsty soldiers

     

  • One woman whose name was Mary Ludwig Hays carried so much water to the soldiers that she was nicknamed "Molly Pitcher"

     

  • She even helped fight for her husband when he was wounded