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Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 17: The First English Colonies Part I: Roanoke

The First English Colonies Part I: Roanoke

PART ONE: The Colony of Roanoke Island


The English Colonies


  • In the 1500s Spain was the richest country in the world

  • England decided it wanted to follow in Spain's footsteps and set up some of their own colonies in the New World

  • England is an island surrounded by water and they needed more land to expand, and at that time they had one of the best navy's (armed ships) in the world


England


  • During the 1500s there was a Queen that ruled for several decades in England

  • The Queen's name was Elizabeth I

  • Queen Elizabeth I never got married and so she was known as the Virgin Queen

  • She decided to sponsor some colonies in the New World-and one of the first colonies was in a place we now call Virginia; which is named after this Virgin Queen


The First English Colony


  • Queen Elizabeth's friend was Sir Walter Raleigh and he told the Queen that she should be like Spain and establish a colony in the New World

  • Queen Elizabeth listened to her friend and she set up a charter, (a document allowing colonists to settle land claimed by their ruler ), to establish a colony


Roanoke


  • In 1585 The Queen sent the first English colonists to the New World

  • They sailed to an island on the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of what is now the state of North Carolina

  • The Native Americans who lived here were called The Roanoke people, and they lived in villages by all of the surrounding streams and rivers off of this Atlantic coast


Roanoke


  • The English people decided to colonize this island and to name it after the Native Americans-so the first English colony was named "Roanoke"

  • They set up some basic village homes and lived here, but after one year in 1586, they decided to go back to England and they all left Roanoke


Roanoke


  • In 1587 Sir Walter Raleigh, The Queen's friend, wanted to replace the colonists who had left England-so he sent a new group of English colonists to Roanoke island

  • The leader of this second group of colonists was John White

  • Soon the English colonists began to run out of food and tools-so they asked White to go back to England in 1588 to get supplies and bring them back-so White left for England


Roanoke


  • John White got to England, but a war between Spain and England had erupted

  • John could not sail out because his ship might get sunk by the Spanish ships in the harbor of England

  • He waited until the war was over when it was safe to return to Roanoke


The Spanish Armada


  • An Armada was a large fleet of ships and the Spanish had surrounded the island of England with all of there big naval ships

  • The English fought this war against Spain and soon the English had won the war---The Spanish had went from being the most powerful Naval army in all of the world to having very few ships left--after the English destroyed all of there ships---and soon England became the most powerful country with the most powerful navy in all of the world


John White


  • After England won the war, John was now safe to return to Roanoke to help the people to get food and supplies-but two years had passed

  • He arrived at Roanoke in 1590-but everything was gone-there were no people, no houses, no stuff, no belongings, and not even any trace of bodies-Everyone & Everything had vanished from this colony (All 100 men, women & children were gone)

  • John knew he was in the right spot because he remembered the landscape


John White


  • John and the English he brought with him found the word "CROATOAN" carved on a tree trunk---this was the only trace of the colonists of Roanoke that was ever found to this day since this colony passed

  • The word "Croatoan" referred to a group of Native Americans that were living on an island 50 miles south of Roanoke

  • The colony of Roanoke became known as a Lost colony