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Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 4: More About the Southwest Native Americans

More About the Southwest Native Americans: The Hopi & The Navajo

More about Native Americans of the Southwest

Two Southwest tribes:

1. The Hopi
2. The Navajo


The Hopi Indians

 

  • They called themselves: Hopiti--- "the gentle people"

     

  • They are part of the Native American Pueblos

     

  • Pueblos-the type of homes they lived in

     

  • (Pueblo-a Spanish word that means "villages")

     

  • One pueblo village is called "Old Oraibi" it is 800 years old

     


The Hopi Indians

 

  • They called themselves: Hopiti--- "the gentle people"

     

  • They are part of the Native American Pueblos

     

  • Pueblos-the type of homes they lived in

     

  • (Pueblo-a Spanish word that means "villages")

     

  • One pueblo village is called "Old Oraibi" it is 800 years old

     


Hopi Pueblo Life


  • The Hopi Indians lived in Northeastern Arizona

  • There are many canyons there called mesas; which are mountains with flat tops

  • The Hopi people used dry farming to make food because there was little rain

  • They built dams and irrigation canals

  • They grew special corn that had long roots to grow under ground


Hopi Homes


  • Hopi used adobe (clay) to make their homes

  • Adobe clay protected their homes from extreme heat, cold, floods and blizzards

  • The people had no first floor windows or doors to keep invaders out

  • They got into their homes by climbing on ladders and entering through the roof


Hopi Ceremonies


  • The Hopi held ceremonies in round buildings called KIVAS

  • They designed their buildings with artistic paintings of birds, insects and rain symbols

  • The Kachina ceremonies: These are ceremonies in which the spirits are believed to visit to bring forth rain to help crops grow and to teach people how to behave

  • There are special dances at these ceremonies, being a dancer is an honor


Kachina ceremonies


  • At the Kachina ceremonies-dolls are given out that represent Mother Crow

  • Mother Crow is the mother of all of the Kachina spirits

  • The doll teaches Hopi children about their beliefs and religion

  • Mother Crow doll has a eagle head and a human body in an Indian dress


The Navajo Indians


  • The Navajo people--- "Great planted fields"

  • The Navajo live in Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico

  • The Navajo are related to the Apache Indians from Canada and Alaska

  • The Navajo came to New Mexico in the 1300s

  • The Navajo lived peacefully with the Hopi people and they learned farming from them


Navajo homes


  • The Navajo home is a Hogan

  • Hogans are dome shaped dwellings made with log or stick frames and are covered with mud or sod

  • Many Navajo moved to a place called "Canyon de Chelly" this is in Arizona-it protected them from battles and it has excellent farmland-there are now thousands of Navajo people that continue to live there today