<< Back to Lessons Index

Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 5: More About the Woodland Native Americans

More About the Woodland Native Americans

More About the Woodland Indians

The woodlands consist of the areas between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River

The Forests

  • The Forest Areas provided wood for building homes and canoes

  • Also wood for fire building

  • Many wild berries and plants were both food and medicine

  • The lakes & rivers were good for fishing

  • The forest animals were hunted

Types of Woodland people

  • 1. The Penobscot---lived in Maine

  • They moved from place to place hunting and gathering

  • They wore deerskin clothes

  • 2. The Natchez People-lived by the Mississippi River

  • They were Mound builders

  • They mostly farmed

  • They wore clothes made of plant fibers


  • Eastern Woodland Indians lived in Wigwams

  • Wigwams---homes made of sapling frames covered with cattail mats or elm bark

  • Their canoes were made of birch bark

The Iroquois

  • The Iroquois lived in New York

  • There are 5 types of Iroquois groups:

  • A. Seneca, B. Mohawk C. The Cayuga

  • D. The Onondaga E. The Oneida

  • Another name for Iroquois - Hodenosaunee

Iroquois Homes

  • The Iroquois lived in longhouses

  • Longhouses - long buildings made of poles covered with sheets of bark

  • Several families lived in longhouses

Iroquois Crafts

  • Wampum --- Beaded crafts like belts or necklaces

  • These wampum crafts were exchanged as gifts and they were used in ceremonies and agreements

Clan Mothers

  • When an Iroquois man married a woman, he moved into her family's house

  • Women owned the longhouses

  • Women were leaders and made decisions

  • Women became Clan Mothers

  • Clans share the same ancestors


  • In the 1400s Hiawatha was a Iroquois

  • His wife and children were killed in a tribe raid

  • He was sad, but he decided to start the Grand Council in which all of the five different Iroquois tribes could settle arguments peacefully instead of through raids

  • Hiawatha created new laws for the tribes

  • He was a Great Iroquois Peacemaker