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Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 5: The Use of Triangular Trade

The Use of Triangular Trade


Triangular Trade


  • There was a lot of work to do on the colonies

  • Many colonists could not do all of the work themselves

  • Many colonists could not afford to pay others to work for them

  • They decided to get slaves from Africa to do their work for free-they would only need to feed them and house them-the work the slaves would do would bring in so much money that they could feed and house them


Triangular Trade


  • The colonists soon began trading with not only England but with other European countries, the West Indies, and Africa

  • The main part of this trade was slaves

  • The English were not the first to use Africans as slaves: the fact that the Spanish had already used the people of Africa as slaves made it easier for the colonists to take part in getting slaves from Africa to work in the American colonies on plantations


Triangular Trade


  • The Triangular Trade was known to be the trade route that slave ships sailed between Africa, the Americas and the West Indies by Europeans from mainly England

  • The Trade from Africa consisted of Human beings that were kidnapped slaves


The continents involved in Triangular Trade:


  • North America: including the United States, the West Indies-this continent used the slaves as workers on their new plantations

  • The Continent of Africa - this continent provided slaves

  • The continent of Europe - mainly England-this continent sent out the slave ships, organized the slave trade, financed the missions and reaped the profits


The Slave Owners


  • The slave owners were usually from the American colonies---They were from the North American continent

  • The slave owners paid the English sailors to get the slaves to the American plantations alive - so they could work


The Triangular Trade Route & Exchanges


  • One stop on the Triangular Trade Route: New York & Boston---(They also stopped off at the West Indies-here the slaves were exchanged for Molasses and sugar and hog heads)

  • Here the slaves from Africa were unloaded to be sold and exchanged along with African gold and African ivory for American goods such as: rum (made from Molasses), African iron, brandy, money and iron goods


Triangular Trade Routes and Exchanges:


  • Another pit-stop was the continent of Africa

  • Here they would load up slaves with the help of other Africans and African Kings

  • They would also exchange guns, gun powder, seashells and brandy with African Kings

  • The African Kings gave the Europeans the slaves, gold, and ivory


The Middle Passage


  • This was the part of triangular trade that was the voyage from Africa to the West Indies---it was the middle part of the trade route

  • This was the part where the slaves rode the Slave Ship from Africa to the West Indies

  • The voyages were uncomfortable for the slaves---as slaves were packed into the ships in some cases so they could not sit up, they laid in their own waste, they were sweating from the heat, they had little food, they wore chains-many died

  • If the slaves got sick or died-they were thrown overboard to drown or be eaten by sea creatures


Triangular Trade


  • The continent of North America benefited from the system by getting slaves for their plantations

  • The continent of Europe became wealthier-and colonists could send them more raw materials and crops-because slaves produced more for them

  • The continent of Africa did not benefit as it lost it's people and it's resources like gold and ivory

  • The only ones who benefited in Africa were the Kings and the slave traders who captured the slaves because they received brandy, rum, guns, gunpowder, seashells, etc


Slaves on Plantations


  • Slaves were bought and sold by colonists

  • Often families were separated or lost from each other as slaves

  • Slaves had to follow the slave codes

  • Slaves were beaten and whipped severely

  • Slaves were forced to work long hard hours

  • The food was terrible for slaves


The Triangular Trade Conclusion


  • Slavery lasted for over 300 years

  • Over 3 million slaves were brought to North America from Africa

  • Very few slaves escaped

  • Slavery was a harsh, cruel institution that is not only immoral but it is finally illegal