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Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 6: Texas and The War with Mexico (The Alamo)

Texas & The War with Mexico (The Alamo)

Texas Territory History


  • The Caddo Native Americans who lived in the Texas area called themselves "tejas" this means friends-----of the Spanish

  • Texas was a colony of Spain

  • Mexico won it's independence from Spain, and then Texas became part of Mexico

  • This is where this story begins---however, Texas eventually wins it's independence as it's own country, and it later becomes a state in the United States


Texas as part of Mexico


  • Mexico wanted to settle the Texas part of it

  • 1821- Moses Austin was from Missouri and he wanted to bring Americans to the Texas area of Mexico to settle

  • Moses received permission to bring Americans to Texas if the Americans became Mexican citizens

  • Moses agreed---he gathered the Americans


Mexican Texas gets settled


  • Moses Austin died

  • His son, Stephen F. Austin-1822-brought the Americans to Texas (Mexico)

  • Stephen Austin was a man who brought 300 families to settle in Texas (Mexico)-they were known as "The Old 300"

    To know more information click on the image


Texas land versus the U.S. land


  • Texas (Mexico) land was free

  • United States land was not free

  • If Texas' land was not free, it was cheaper than United States' land

    To know more information click on the image


Mexican Requirements of Texans


  • Mexico required that Texans:

  • 1. Become Mexican Citizens

  • 2. Join the Roman Catholic Church

    3. Learn Spanish


Santa Anna


  • The Spanish had a nickname for the American Texans----it was "Tejanos"

  • 1830---there were more Americans than Mexicans in Texas (Mexico)

  • 1834---The President of Mexico was General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

  • The President was simply called "Santa Anna"

  • Santa Anna did not like the American Texans


Texas (Mexico) vs. Mexico


  • Santa Anna had taken over the Mexican govt. as a dictator-he threw out the Mexican constitution and made himself the Mexican President for life

  • Santa Anna wanted to enforce the laws in Texas that the American Texans were breaking----so Santa Anna sent 1,400 Mexican troops into Texas


The Texans decide to fight the Mexican troops  


  • The Texans took over a Spanish mission or church in San Antonio,Texas; which was called the Alamo

  • The Texans turned the Alamo into a fort

  • Americans came down to help the Texans fight the Mexicans

  • A famous U.S. Congressman from Tennessee joined the fight for Texan independence-his name was Davey Crockett-Davey Crockett ended up dying in the fight at the Alamo



The Battle at the Alamo


  • The Texans took over a Spanish mission or church in San Antonio,Texas; which was called the Alamo

  • The Texans turned the Alamo into a fort

  • Americans came down to help the Texans fight the Mexicans

  • A famous U.S. Congressman from Tennessee joined the fight for Texan independence-his name was Davey Crockett-Davey Crockett ended up dying in the fight at the Alamo


The Alamo


  • The Alamo surviving women and children met Santa Anna
  • Santa Anna told Suzanna Dickenson (a woman whose husband was killed at the Alamo)to carry the news of the Texan defeat to other Texans; as the Mexicans had won the Alamo battle
  • Suzanna took a letter from Santa Anna to Sam Houston, who was head of Texas headquarters


The Alamo Prisoners


  • Santa Anna marched the surviving Alamo prisoners to Fort Goliad
  • At Fort Goliad---Santa Anna had the prisoners all executed or killed
  • The execution of Alamo prisoners shocked the Texans


The Alamo Prisoners


  • Santa Anna marched the surviving Alamo prisoners to Fort Goliad
  • At Fort Goliad---Santa Anna had the prisoners all executed or killed
  • The execution of Alamo prisoners shocked the Texans


Texas and War with Mexico Part Two


   
March 2, 1836


  • While the Battle at the Alamo was taking      place---a Texas Declaration of      Independence was beingsigned
  • March 2, 1836---The Republic of Texas was      announced in Washington as the Declaration      was signed

    • George C. Childress Credited as the author of the Texas Declaration of Independence


         
      San Jacinto Battle: April 1836


    • Sam Houston---The      head of the Texan      army gathered Texan      troops
    • Houston surprised the      Mexican troops at the      San Jacinto River on      April 21, 1836 ,
    • His Texan troops      shouted the following      phrase as they fought      "Remember the      Alamo!"
    • In 18 minutes-after      the fighting started-     Santa Anna was      captured by Texans

      •    Surrender of Santa Anna, by William H. Huddle


        Captured Santa Anna


      • The prisoner of Texans, Santa Anna agreed to give Texans their    Independence in exchange for his freedom
      • Texas became a republic---it's own country as a result----With    General Sam Houston as President

        •    Sam Houston


          Texas: "The Lone Star Republic"


        • The Freed Texans called their new country "The Lone Star     Republic"
        • The First Texan President was Sam Houston
        • The capital of Texas was Houston, TX
        • The Texas flag had a single white star on it
        • For 10 years---Texas was it's own country or a Republic


          • The Mexican War Continues


          • After Santa Anna had granted freedom to the Texans-he was      released
          • Santa Anna continued to have Mexicans fight so there were more      battles
          • Mexico did not surrender until January 1847

            • Santa Anna


              The Mexican War Ends


            • In 1848-the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo      ended the Mexican War
            • In this treaty---Mexico accepted the Rio      Grande River as it's border with Texas
            • Mexico also gave up California, New Mexico      and Arizona in the treaty

              • U.S. Boundary before the Treaty

                U.S. Boundary after treaty


                In 1845 Texas becomes a State
                 

                 

              • President Polk - allowed Texas to become a United States State in 1845

              • President Anson Jones lowering the flag of the Republic of Texas following annexation by the United States