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Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 7: The French and Indian War

                                                            The French and Indian Wars

The Wars in which the British fought the French and the Indians for land in North America

The Many French and Indian Wars

  • The was more than one conflict over the territory in the New World

  • Many French and British Kings and Queens wanted more land

  • Often The wars started in Europe and spread to North America

  • The Kings and Queens were named for the various wars

The French & Indian Wars

  • These are the different wars that were fought over different territories: the last war named "The French and Indian War " was the final war-----we will focus on this war when we talk about the French and Indian War-but note that there was more than one French and Indian War

    1. King William's War

    2. Queen Anne's War---During this conflict: England and Scotland united and became the country of Great Britain

    3. King George's War

    4. The French and Indian War

The French and Indian War

  • This was the 4th war which began in 1754 when the British colonists moved into North American lands claimed by France

  • This conflict was named the French and Indian War because the British were fighting their French and Native American Allies

The Territory

  • The Territory that both France and Britain claimed for themselves was the land in the Ohio River Valley

  • The Ohio River valley lies between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River

  • The Iroquois Indians had kept both the French and the British out of this area until the 1700s

  • The Iroquois soon began to sell the land to the British

  • France wanted the land and so they built forts there

  • Britain feared that France would take their land

1754 the Battle at Fort Duquesne

  • The first battle of The French and Indian War-was fought -at Fort Duquesne

  • The Lieutenant Governor of Virginia sent a 21 year old man to the Ohio River Valley to chase the French out of the area---his name was GEORGE WASHINGTON

George Washington

  • Washington attacked and defeated a small force of French in the woods near this Fort

  • Washington said "I heard the bullets whistle; and believe me, there is something charming in the sound"

Washington builds Fort Necessity

  • Washington and his men quickly built a temporary Fort that they named Fort Necessity

  • A larger French army came by and attacked the fort at Fort Necessity and defeated Washington and his men

  • The French had help from the Huron Indians

  • The French soon fought the British like the Indians fought

The New form of fighting

  • The French learned to fight from the Indians

  • The Indians used a form of fighting called Guerilla Warfare

  • Guerilla Warfare was a form of fighting consisting of sneak attacks, instead of fighting in the open land-the fighters hide behind trees and shoot at the enemy

  • Soon the British colonists will learn this and use it against other British soldiers in the American Revolution and they will win

William Pitt

  • 1757-A British leader who poured money and troops into removing the French from North America was named William Pitt

  • Pitt attacked the French Fort Duquesne and won and William Pitt renamed it Fort Pitt after himself

  • Pitt had convinced the Iroquois Indians to help him in exchange for keeping the colonists out of the Iroquois lands

  • Later this Fort developed into a city called Pittsburgh, PA

Spain gets some of the French land

  • 1762---France gave a lot of their Louisiana territory land to Spain to keep it away from the British because Great Britain was winning the war and they did not want them to get it all

The Treaty of Paris of 1763

  • This treaty symbolized the end of the French and Indian War

  • By it's terms Britain gained all of France's lands in the Ohio River Valley and Canada and Britain gained Florida

  • Britain had won the French and Indian War

The Indians were still angry after the war

  • An Ottawa Chief named, Pontiac---said to his people "drive off your land those who will do nothing but harm"

  • They began capturing and burning British settlements in 1763

  • The British army went after the Indians and defeated them

  • To prevent more Indian uprisings the British government issued "The Proclamation of 1763" in 1763

  • This proclamation set aside all British land west of the Appalachians for Native Americans-the British enforced this by putting soldiers here to keep colonists out-it made colonists angry