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Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 8: The Colonies Protest British Rule  

The American Colonies Protest British Rule




The British Government puts Taxes on Colonial Goods


  • In the 1700s-Great Britain began to tax colonial imports

  • This means that every time a ship came to America from Britain to drop off something, the Americans or colonists had to pay a tax on it to Britain in order to keep it

  • The taxes were taking a lot of the colonist's extra money





Britain raised taxes
  • In the late 1700s-Britain raised the taxes to be even higher than they were because Great Britain had to pay for the wars it had fought against France in the French and Indian Wars

     

  • The problem was: The American colonists were not allowed to be representatives in the British Government
  • So the colonists created a popular patriotic chant to try to gain representation in The British Government or to have Britain stop raising the taxes. The chant was "TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION IS TYRANNY"








    Britain raised taxes





    • In the late 1700s-Britain raised the taxes to be even higher than they were because Great Britain had to pay for the wars it had fought against France in the French and Indian Wars

       

    • The problem was: The American colonists were not allowed to be representatives in the British Government

       

    • So the colonists created a popular patriotic chant to try to gain representation in The British Government or to have Britain stop raising the taxes. The chant was "TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION IS TYRANNY"


    The British taxes were called Acts


    • In the 1700s the British raised taxes by making Acts
      Taxes are a form of charging people extra on items that they buy so that the Federal Government can make money
      For example: Everything has taxes on it: If you go to the store to buy candy and the store price is 65 cents-when you pay for it you will need 70 or 75 cents because the extra money is taxes---and taxes is the type of money that the government gets from everyone
      Taxes are also ways to control what and how much of something that people buy ----they are limits---if there is a tax on something then it is more expensive-so people are less likely to buy it

    • Acts were declarations that taxes would be made or raised

    • There were several Acts which made colonists have to pay taxes passed by Britain in the late 1700s


    British Acts or Taxes


    • 1. Molasses Act of 1733 - taxed molasses and sugar imported from West Indies

    • 2. The Sugar Act of 1764 - taxed sugar

    • 3. The Stamp Act of 1765 - taxed newspapers, pamphlets and signed legal documents

    • 4. The Quartering Act of 1765 --- forced colonists to buy extra food, drink, and candles for British soldiers and it forced colonists to have British soldiers to live in their houses, so Britain did not have to pay for British soldiers' houses in America

    • 5. The Town shend Acts of 1767 - taxed tea, paper, glass, lead, and paint imported from Britain

    • 6. The Tea Act of 1773 - taxed tea: this act was the final act which caused great rebellion of colonists---as colonists protested with the Boston Tea Party


    Patrick Henry


    • Patrick Henry was a member of the House of Virginia which was called the House of Burgesses-which was the colonial government at that time

    • Patrick Henry gave a famous speech to the colonial government at that time saying: "Only the Virginia Assembly could tax Virginians"

    • The British Government accused him of treason for giving that patriotic speech


    The Stamp Act Rebellion  

     

    • After the Stamp Act was passed major colonial rebellion soared

       

    • The colonists were very angry about this Act

       

    • Many of the colonists formed a protest group called "The Sons of Liberty"---which means People who wanted freedom from British taxes

       

    • One member of this group was a newspaper writer who wrote many articles against the Stamp Act and his name was Samuel Adams

       

    • Many British Stamp Agents quit their jobs because of all of the angry colonists that they faced


    Protests


    • The Sons of Liberty soon set up boycotts on British goods

    • A boycott is a peaceful way to protest by not buying something

    • The women set up a protest group called the "Daughters of Liberty"---the women started making their own clothes in spinning bees---(groups of women using spinning wheels to sew clothes)-so they did not buy British goods


    The Protests lead to The Boston Massacre

    In 1768---children began throwing snowballs at the British calling them "lobsters"---because of their red uniforms

    In 1770----A group of colonists were gathering at the Customs House to discuss protests; and a young former slave named, Crispus Attucks yelled out to the colonists: "The way to get rid of these soldiers is to attack the main guard"---at that minute the British soldiers raised their guns and fired at the crowd; killing Crispus Attucks and 4 other people

    The crowd was horrified that the British shot at them, as they could have been killed and they watched the people who were shot bleed to death

    This killing was known as the Boston Massacre

      




    Protests continued


    • many colonists would tar and feather the tax collectors

    • For example a group of men would grab a British tax collector and dump him in a bucket of tar; which is black and sticky and hard to wash off and they would laugh at him and stick feathers on him


    A major Protest: The Boston Tea Party


    • After the Tea Act was passed-the Sons of Liberty organization put together a major protest on December 16, 1773

       

    • This protest was called The Boston Tea Party

       

    • The colonists wanted to protest the British tea because it had taxes on it---The British had 3 ships in the Boston Harbor loaded with over 342 chests of tea

       

    • On the night of the protest, the colonist dressed up like Indians and wore Mohawks and they sneaked on board the British ships and they dumped all of the tea into the ocean as they shouted, "Boston will be a teapot tonight"

       

    • After this event----many colonists switched to drinking coffee and soon the British tradition of afternoon tea drinking disappeared from the colonies

     


    After the Boston Tea Party


    • King George III of England---The British King was angry---so he punished Boston

       

    • He banned all town meetings and he closed the port of Boston until all of the tea was paid for ---this hurt the colonists

       

    • These punishments were called the Intolerable Acts

     


    The First Continental Congress

    On September 5, 1774 ---delegates from every one of the 13 colonies except Georgia met in Philadelphia to discuss the Intolerable Acts and their response to them-Three things came of this meeting:

    1. They wrote a petition to King George III to repeal the Intolerable Acts

    2. They gathered weapons and minutemen in case they would have a battle

    3. If Britain refused to take away the Intolerable Acts---they would stop all exports to Britain


    Minutemen

     

    • Minutemen were colonists who had to be ready for battle at a minute's notice

       

    • By 1775 every town had gathered together a colonial militia

       

    • A colonial militia was a military force made up of volunteers

       


    The Women were Successful in their Protests Also


    • Abigail Adams-the wife of John Adams who would become a future President was very patriotic---she stated about patriotism: "The flame is kindled and like lightening it catches from soul to soul"

    • She was a real leader in organizing boycotts and holding spinning bees


    The protests lead to war

     

    • The Colonists were unable to get King George to repeal the Intolerable Acts

       

    • King George sent soldiers to take away colonial weapons

       

    • Then the American Revolutionary War Begins...