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Discover_our_World_Yellow / Lesson 9: The American Revolution Begins

                                         

The American Revolution Begins

 

The American Revolution Begins


    The British are Coming    

 

  • King George III was angry about the rebellious colonists

     

  • He rejected the petition to repeal the Intolerable Acts

     

  • In February 1775 parliament declared that the Massachusetts colonists were in rebellion

     

  • King George sent more soldiers to Massachusetts

     

  • King George III made Thomas Gage the commander of British forces in North America

     

  • Thomas Gage learned through spies that the patriots were hiding weapons and gunpowder in Concord

     

  • Gage decided that he would march with British troops on Concord to take the weapons and he would march to Lexington to arrest 2 of the patriot leaders: John Hancock and Samuel Adams

     

  • Patriot Spies learned the British were coming to Lexington and Concord

     


Paul Revere


  • Paul Revere was a secret spy and a messenger for the patriots and he was told to ride to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock about the British coming to arrest them---and he was told to ride to Concord to warn the patriots that the British were coming so that the Patriots could keep their weapons away from the British

  • It was dangerous because it was the same road that British were taking


   Paul Revere

 

  • Paul Revere was a secret spy and a messenger for the patriots and he was told to ride to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock about the British coming to arrest them---and he was told to ride to Concord to warn the patriots that the British were coming so that the Patriots could keep their weapons away from the British

     

  • It was dangerous because it was the same road that British were taking

     


    Lexington

 

  • The first battle of the American Revolutionary War happened at Lexington

     

  • John Parker ---the colonial militia captain assembled 70 men on the Lexington common

     

  • The British arrived in Lexington and a shot was fired by someone unknown and the British began to advance---The battle followed

     


    Concord

 

  • After the Battle at Lexington---the British marched to Concord

     

  • The women of Concord who had been warned-hid the weapons for the patriots in the straw in their barns

     

  • The British searched Concord but they could not find any weapons except a cannon

     

  • The British decided to march back to Boston: leaving a bunch of angry colonists in Concord and Lexington

     


Patrick Henry

 

  • Patrick Henry a Virginia lawyer gave a speech at the House of Burgesses on March 23, 1775

     

  • He inspired the colonists to break their support with Great Britain and support the patriots in their fight for freedom

     

  • "Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace-- but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!" Patrick Henry

     


 

 

The Battle of Bunker Hill

 

  • The colonists knew that whoever controlled the hills around Charleston, MA would be able to fire cannons at the British soldiers in Boston

     

  • The colonists sent 1200 patriots to the hills---they spent the night digging out a fort near Breed's Hill

     

  • At dawn a British ship in the Boston Harbor saw all the men on the hill and it began to fire cannon fire at the patriotsM.,

     

  • It took the British three tries to advance the hills---The British won this Battle but it was important to the colonists because they had killed over 1000 British soldiers and they only lost 400 colonists

     

 


 

Ben Franklin

 

  • Ben Franklin who was a diplomat from America to England-had hoped that there would be peace between Britain and the colonies---but after the Battle of Bunker Hill---Ben declared Britain an enemy of his

 


Loyalists vs. Patriots


  • Some of the colonists were still Loyalists-not all of them supported the patriots in the War

  • Loyalists were the Americans who still remained loyal to Britain---these people supported the red coats or the British because they traded with the British and they made money off of the British

  • Patriots were the colonists who wanted to fight for American Independence from Britain


King George III of Britain


  • King George III was not intending to start a war with the Americans, but rather he wanted to force them to submit to British rule

  • There were going to be more battles before the colonists could declare their Independence from Britain but the American Revolutionary War had begun