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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 1(Day 1) - The Oral Tradition
Folktales: The Oral Tradition
|What will we be learning today? |
- We will be learning about story telling and folktales.
There are many different kinds of folktales and we
will learn about some of them in this unit.
- Folktales : Made up stories that have been handed down by the
people of an area or region for many, many years.
- People from all countries and all cultures of the world have folktales that
have been passed down by word of mouth from one generation to the next.
|The oral tradition |
- Every country and every culture had stories long before they had books.
- The stories were told aloud, not read from a book. These stories make up the oral tradition of a culture. Every culture has an oral tradition.
- The story teller who could remember these stories and tell them well was a very important person.
|Why were folktales told aloud rather than written down? |
Most folktales are very old. The way of life was very different.
- In some areas, the people did not believe reading and writing were valuable.
- In some areas, only a few people could read and write. Most could not.
- In some areas, the tools for writing like paper and pen were scarce. Books were also scarce.
- In modern times many folktales have been written down. Now you are able to read them.
|Why were folktales told? |
- Folk tales were told for the same reason we go to movies and watch TV today - for fun!
- Folktales were often used to teach a lesson about what the people of the area considered to be proper ways and good conduct.
- Folktales were often used to try to explain things in nature that the people didn't really understand.
|Common elements in folktales |
Most folktales have several elements in common.
- People questioning why things happen in nature.
- The story explains how something began.
- A wise person explains something by telling a story or solving a problem.
- Wishes are granted.
- Animals or objects talk.
- Tricks are used.
- Magic or sacred objects are used.
- There are other elements too, but we'll talk about them later as we study more folktales.