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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 1d1: Subjects And Predicatess


Introduction

I already know how to use and write a basic sentence.

Why do I need to study phrases, clauses and different types of sentences?


 Knowing how to write a basic sentence is just the first step of communicating well.

 


  • We rely on sentences every day for many purposes

  •  
  • To make statements
  • To ask questions
  • To express emotions
  • To share information

  • Without sentences we wouldn't be able to tell our thoughts and needs to others!


    This unit is all about communicating effectively through writing.

    Although you may write pretty well, a review of the basics never hurts. Even professional writers make mistakes! See the next slide for an example.

     

     


    Newspaper Article Mistake

     


    Answer

      Hurricane Wilma was caught in the westerlies causing her to make a sharp right turn toward Florida.

      This sentence is confusing because the prepositional phrase "after getting caught in the westerlies" does not immediately follow "Florida."

      Keep modifiers as close as possible to the words to which they refer!

     


      Effective Writing

    Why should I use clauses and phrases in my writing?

  • To add details to sentences
  • To bring extra pieces of information to sentences
  • To help readers understand your ideas better.

    Why do I need to know about the parts of a sentence and sentence structure?

  • To make your writing more interesting
  • To make your writing easier to understand
  • To avoid mistakes people often make in their writing.

  • This is the last page of today's lesson.


    Simple Subject & Predicate


    Simple Subject & Predicate

    Unit 3 Introduction

     

      The sentence is a basic unit of speech and writing. Especially in writing, people use sentences to make themselves understood by their reader.

       

      Studying the way sentences are put together will help you to recognize and write correct, well-formed sentences that will make your point clearly and help your reader understand what you are saying

     


    What will we be learning in this lesson?


    In this lesson you will learn:

    1. Every complete sentence contains a subject and a predicate
    2. To find the subject of a sentence
    3. To find the predicate of a sentence
    4. An introduction to diagramming sentences.

     

    Words to Know

     

    1. subject
    2. Simple Subject
    3. Predicate
    4. Simple Predicate

    Questions to Keep in Mind As You Read

     

    1. How do I find the subject of a sentence
    2. How do I find the predicate of a sentence.

     


    Subject


    The subject tells who or what the sentence is about

      The simple subject:

       

      1. Is the main word or words in the subject part of the sentence

      2. Answers the questions "Who?" or "What?" in relation to the verb

      3. Can be found in many places in the sentence

     

    EXAMPLES:


    1. The simple subject is usually a noun or pronoun that is found at the beginning of the sentence.      See the simple subject in blue italics.

      a. He asked me for help.                                        

      b. China was where the abacus was invented.

      c. Computers are complicated machines.

     


    Subject - Examples Continued


    2. Sometimes simple subjects are made up of more than one word. These include titles, names and compound nouns. See the simple subject in blue italics

      a. "Island of the Blue Dolphin" is my favorite book. In questions, the subject often follows the verb or is located between a helping verb and the main verb.
      b. Wilhelm Schikard invented an early computer.    

      c. Pen pals can now use computers.

       

    3. Subjects sometimes appear at the middle or end of a sentence. Sometimes the subject can appear after the verb. See the simple subjects in blue italics.

      a. After the debate, Marion sent an e-mail.
      b. On the table sat the brand new monitor.                

     


    Subject - Examples Continued


    4. A sentence that makes a request or command can have an unstated but understood subject.     The subject is ALWAYS "you." See the understood subject in blue italics

      a. Go to the computer.
      The sentence is understood to mean, "You  go to the computer."   

     


    Predicate


    The predicate tells you something about the subject.

      A simple predicate:

       

      1. Is a verb

      2. Tells you what the subject does, what is done to the subject, or what the condition of the      subject is.

      3. Can be an action verb, a linking verb, or a helping verb.

     

    EXAMPLES:


    The simple predicate appears in blue italics.

      1. Connie drew the picture for the cover.
      2. Marvin is ready.                                         

      3. The programs were changed.

     


    Finding the Simple Subject & Predicate


    It is easy to find the simple subject and predicate if you ask yourself the following questions:

      

    Simple Subject


    What noun or pronoun answers the questions Who? or What? about the verb?

      

     

    Simple Predicate


    What verb expresses action done by or to the subject?

    -or-

     


    Diagramming Sentences

     

      1. When you are reading or writing, it can be very helpful to put information into a graphic      organizer

      2. A sentence diagram in similar to a graphic organizer, and it helps you see how the words in     a sentence are related

      3. Sentence diagrams begin with two lines. One is horizontal the other is vertical.

    a) Horizontal line - base line

    b) Vertical line - bar


    Diagramming Sentences - Examples

     

      The simple subject is written to the left of the bar. The simple predicate is written on the right of the bar. No punctuation is used in diagrams.
                         
                    
                                  

      The subject "you" is in parentheses because it is understood!

     


     

    This is the end of the Lesson

      1. Do you know what a simple subject & predicate are?

      2. Can you find a simple subject and predicate in a sentence?

      3. Could you diagram a sentence with a simple subject and predicate?

    If you can't answer these questions, review this Lesson Slides.

    If you can answer these questions:

      1. Close out of the lesson slides

      2. Complete the Practice Questions

      3. Complete the worksheet in your lesson packet