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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 2.3.4: Verbs ( DAY 4 )

Regular Verbs

To make the past tense or past participle form of most verbs (regular verbs) we simply add "ed" at the end. To make the present participle form of most regular verbs simply add -ing at the end of the word.

Example: "to walk"

 Present Tense  I walk through the maze.
 Past Tense  I walked through the maze.
 Past Participle  I have walked through the maze.
 Present Participle  I am walking through the maze.


Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs aren't that simple. Sometimes you simply "know" an irregular verb form because you learned it when you began talking.  Some irregular verb forms may need to be memorized.  Sometimes a dictionary is needed to help write the different forms of irregular verbs. 

Example: "to see"

 Present Tense   I see the secret treasure map.

 Past Tense

  I saw the secret treasure map.

 Past Participle  I have seen the secret treasure map.

There are no irregular verb forms of the present participle.  It will always be formed by adding the ending -ing to a verb!

Difficult Verbs

Some verbs are not only irregular by they sound like other verbs that have different meanings.  This can get very confusing!


 lie - to rest or recline (lie, lying, lay, has lain)  I lie down almost every afternoon.
 lay - to put or place (lay, laying, laid, has laid)  Please lay the book on the table.

 sit - to be seated (sit, sitting, sat)  I like to sit down and watch "Oprah in the afternoon.
 set - to put, to place, to fix (set, setting, set)  Please set the book on the table.
 teach - to give knowledge, show (teach, teaching, taught)  Do you want me to teach you to play chess?
 learn - to receive knowledge - (learn, learning, learned)  I learn new things almost everyday from the internet.


 raise - to lift up, to force up (raise, raising, raised, has raised)
  • Raise up the cover on that box, please?
  • Raising a child takes a lot of work and a lot of money!
 rise - to get up, to ascend (rise, rising, rose, has risen)
  • Will the congregation please rise?
  • The weather balloon rose to the top of the stratosphere
 adapt - to get used to, to change ( adapt, adapted, adapting)
  •  It's been a tough change, but we're adapting
  • I'm adapting my TV to get satellite transmissions from Mars!
 adopt - to accept as your own (adopt, adopting, adopted)  Will you please adopt one of my adorable kittens?

predede - to go before (precede, preceding, prededed)  The act preceding the main one is called the opener.
proceed - to continue (proceed, proceeding, proceeded  I want you to proceed as if I am not here.
may - to have permission, be possible (may, might)  May I have one of your adorable kittens?
can - to be able, to be capable (can, could)  I am strong; I am woman; I can do anything!


 lead - to be first, to be in charge (lead, leading, led
  • Please lead the class into the gym.
  • As president, I lead the meetings of the Martian debating team. 
 led - past tense of lead  The flower girl led the wedding procession down the aisle.
 loose - not fastened; to release (loose, loosing, loosed)
  • Your shoe string is loose.
  • Loose the shackles which fetter you; be free!
 lose - to misplace, to have no longer (lose, lost, losing)  Did you lose you your cell phone again?


 accept - to receive, to agreed to (accept, accepting, accepted)
  • I accept this award for Jennifer Lopez who could not be with us tonight.
  • I don't like the fact, but I accept it. 
 except - other than, to leave out (except, excepting, excepted)
  • Everyone is invited to the party except James.
  • I don't want a thing for Christmas except a Wii