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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 2: Compound Subjects And Predicates

Compound Subjects & Predicates

What will we be learning in this lesson?

  • In this lesson you will review :

    1. How to find subjects and predicates in sentences.


  • In this lesson you will learn :

    1. Definition of compound subject
    2. How to recognize a compound subject
    3. Definition of a compound predicate
    4. How to recognize a compound predicate


What will we be learning in this lesson?

  • In this lesson you will review :

    1. How to find subjects and predicates in sentences.


  • In this lesson you will learn :

    1. Definition of compound subject
    2. How to recognize a compound subject
    3. Definition of a compound predicate
    4. How to recognize a compound predicate


 
Review

  • The simple subject is a noun or pronoun that tells who or what the sentence is about.

  • The simple predicate is a verb that tells what action is done by or to the subject or what the condition of the subject is.

  • It's easy to find the subject if you ask yourself Who? Or What? In relation to the verb.

  • It's easy to find the predicate if you ask yourself what action is being done or what condition is being expressed.


Compound Subjects

  • A compound subject includes two or more simple subjects that have the same verb.

  • Compound subjects are connected by conjunctions such as "and" or "or"

  • In the following examples the compound subjects are underlined in red.

    EXAMPLES : Bob or Sue will go.
                           Hockey and football are my favorite sports.
                           Anna, Steve, and Jane are studying computer science.

  • Compound Predicates

  • A compound predicate includes two or more verbs that relate to the same subject.


  • Compound predicates are usually connected by "and" or "or."


  • In the following examples, the verbs that make up the compound predicate are underlined twice.

    EXAMPLE : At school, I learned interesting things, made friends, and played sports.

                        My friends play video games, surf the Internet and do research on the computer.

  • Compound Subjects AND Compound Predicates


    • Sometimes a sentence will have BOTH a compound subject AND a compound predicate!


    • In the following example the compound subjects are underlined once and the compound predicates are underlined twice.

      EXAMPLE :
      Sandy and Marie called and asked for help.


    Why Use Compound Subjects and Compound Predicates?


    • We use compound subjects and predicates to save words, and to keep our sentences from sounding short and choppy.

      EXAMPLE 1 : Businesses use computers. Schools use computers.
      INSTEAD : Businesses and schools use computers.

      EXAMPLE 2 : The memory of a computer receives data. The memory of a computer saves data.
      INSTEAD : The memory of a computer receives and saves data.