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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 3: Direct And Indirect Objects

Direct & Indirect Objects


Identifying Direct Objects

  • You already know that a sentence must have two parts

    1. simple subject
    2. simple predicate

  • Some sentences need additional words to complete their meaning.

  • These words are called complement.

    EXAMPLE : "Jane gave a speech." Speech is the complement.

    1. It completes the meaning of Jane gave.
    2. It tells what Jane gave.

 


Direct object

  • A direct object is one type of complement.


  • It is used to complete sentences that have an action verb.




  • Direct object

  • Noun or Pronoun that appears with an ation verb and receives the action of the verb.


  • Answers the question Whom? Or What? After an action verb.


  • A direct object may be compound.One verb may have two or more direct objects.

 


Direct object Examples
    1. Mrs. Gomez picked us. Us is the direct object.
        Us receives the action of the verb "picked" and answers the question Whom?" Picked whom? Us!

    2. Fred asked a question. Question is the direct object.
        Question receives the action of the verb "asked" and answers the question "What" - What was asked?   A question!

    3. Mr.Kelly packed slacks,shirt,and ties. Slacks, shirts, and ties are the compund direct objects.

   

They receive the action of the verb "packed" and answer the question "What?" What was packed? Slacks, shirts and ties!


Direct Object

    Now you try some!

  • Identify the direct object in the sentences below by clicking on it.


  • My sister draws pictures

    The detective drove Abe across the river.

    Harry invited you and me.

 


Sorry! Try again.


Right! Good Job!

"Pictures" takes the action of the verb "draw" and it answers
the question "What?"


Right! Good Job!

"Abe" takes the action of the verb "drove" and it answers the
question "Whom?"


Right! Good Job!

"you and me" is a compound direct object that takes the action
of the verb "asked" and it answers the
question "Whom?"


Identifying Indirect Objects


  • Another type of complement is an indirect object.

  • A sentence that has a direct object can also have an indirect object.

  • The indirect object also helps complete the meaning of the sentence.

    EXAMPLE : "John sent his wife roses." Wife is the complement.

    1. It completes the meaning of John sent roses.
    2. It tells to whom John sent roses.


Indirect Object


  • An indirect object is second type of complement.

  • It is used to complete sentences that have an action verb.



    Direct object

  • Noun or pronoun usually located between an action verb and a direct object.

  • Tells which person or thing something is being given to or done for.

  • Indirect objects may also be compound.


Indirect Object Examples


    1. Yolanda sent Marge a postcard.

        Postcard is the direct object. It tells "What?" Yolanda sent. Marge is the indirect object. It     tells "To whom?" the postcard was sent.

    2. We gave the magazine a title.

        Title is the direct object. It tells "What?" we gave. Magazine is the indirect object. It tells     "To what?" we gave the title.

    3. Sally sent Stan and Martin a photo of the Golden Gate Bridge.

         Photo is the direct object. It tells "What?" was sent. Stan and Martin are the compound     indirect objects. They tell "To whom?" the photo was sent.


Indirect Object


  • It is easy to confuse an indirect object with the object of a preposition.

  • An indirect object cannot be part of a prepositional phrase!

  • If the sentence "Yolanda sent Marge a postcard," was rewritten to say, "Yolanda sent a postcard to Marge," you no longer have an indirect object.

  • You now have a direct object, postcard, and a prepositional phrase, to Marge.

Be sure to look for those prepositions you learned in an earlier lesson!


Indirect Object

 

  • Now you try some!

    Identify the indirect object in the sentences below by
    clicking on the correct answer below the sentence.


    1. The salesman showed Stan the watch.

       a.salesman    b.Stan    c. watch    d. no indirect object


    2. Mrs. Miller teaches us Math.

       a. Mrs. Miller     b. Math     c.us     d. no indirect object


    3. The teacher gave Molly and Bob an assignment.

       a. Molly and Bob     b. teacher     c. assignment     d. no indirect object


    4. The salesman showed the watch to Stan.

       a. salesman     b. watch     c. Stannbsp;    d. no indirect object


Right! Good Job!

"Stan" is the indirect object. It tells us "to whom" the sales
man showed the watch!


Sorry! Try again.

"Watch" is the direct object!


Sorry! Try again.

"Math" is the direct object!


Right! Good Job!

"Us" is the indirect object. It tells "to whom"
Mrs. Miller teaches Math!


Right! Good Job!

"Molly and Bob" is the indirect object. It tells "to whom" the
teacher gave the assignment.


Sorry! Try again.

"assignment" is the direct object!


Sorry! Try again.

"Watch" is the direct object!


Right! Good Job!

This sentence has no indirect object. It has a direct object "watch"
and a prepositional phrase "to Stan."


  • Do you know the definition of a direct object?

  • Do you know the definition of an indirect object?

  • Can you identify both direct and indirect objects in a sentence?

  • Can you tell when a sentence has an indirect object and when it has a prepositional phrase?