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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 4.4.1: Suffixes (DAY 1)

Reviewing Parts of Speech

Before starting the lesson on suffixes, you should know what nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are. 

Let's review this!


Reviewing Parts of Speech

Nouns

Noun -  a word than names a person, place, or thing

 Person

 Place

 Thing

 girl  city  museum
 man  state  spacecraft

Proper Noun - a proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing.  Proper nouns begin with capital letters.

 Person

 Place

 Thing

 Laura  Albany  Tate Gallery
 Bob Lum  Texax  Challenger

 


Reviewing Parts of Speech

Pronouns

Pronoun - a word that is used in place of a noun

 Noun  Is Mary ready?
 Pronoun  Is she ready?


Reviewing Parts of Speech

Verbs

Verb - a word that shows, action or state of being. 

 Action Verb  John called me today.

State of being verbs - also called linking verbs.  They link the subject to its condition of state of being.

State of Being Verb  Joanie is happy


Reviewing Parts of Speech

Adjectives

Adjective -  a word that is used to describe a noun or pronoun

What a juicy apple! (Juicy describes "apple".)

She is nervous. (Nervouse describes "she".)


Reviewing Parts of Speech

Adverbs

Adverb - an adverb modifies a verb, adejctive or other adverb

She spoke softly. (Softly modifies "spoke", a verb.)

He is very young. (Very modifies "young" an adjective

They sang quite loudly. (Quite modifies "loudly", an adverb)


Suffixes

Suffixes - letters or syllables that are added at the end of a root word.  A suffix can change the grammatical function or use of the root word.  It can also change the word's meaning.

Learning the function and meaning of some of the most commonly used suffixes can increase your vocabulary.

Some suffixes change the grammatical structure of a root word, but do not change the basic meaning of the word.  For example, some suffixes are used only to change the tense of a verb, not its meaning.

 Present Tense  Participle  Past Tense
 work  working  worked

 


Suffixes

Some suffixes are used to make a verb agree with its subject in person, without changing the meaning of the word

 I sing  He sings

Other suffixes change words from singular to plural.  LIke the suffixes mentioned in the above example, these suffixes do not change the meaning of the word.

 one coat  many coats


Suffixes

Suffixes can not only change the meaning of the root word, but it can also change how the word is used in a sentence.

Look at how noun-forming suffixes can change the meaning of the root word "experiment:.

 experimenter - a person

 experimentalist - a person

 experimentation - a process

 experimentalism - a belief