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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 4.5: How English Changes

English, the Language

What will we be learning in this lesson?


  • We will be learning a little about how the English language developed,

    1.We will talk about ways foreign words became part of English.
    2.We will talk about how English speakers invented new words because of new needs.


English is not a dead language!


  • It is alive, well, and thriving.
  • It is spoken not just by people in England and in the United States, but by people all over the world.
  • More than 90 countries use English as their official or semi-official language.
  • Scientists all over the world use English to communicate with each other
  • It is even the official language of the Central Bank of Europe, although no English speaking country is a member of the bank!


English is a two way street!


  • People who speak English use words "borrowed" from other languages everyday.



 


 
How did these words become part of English?


  • Through conquest



  • When Roman armies conquered England, some Latin and Greek words became part of English.
  • When William the Conqueror who was a French king conquered England, some French words became part of English.
 


How did these words become part of English?


  • Through colonization




How did these words become part of English?


  • Through immigration




 
Speakers of English invent new words, too.


 
Speakers of English invent new words, too.


Speakers of English invent new words, too.



A growing language


  • Some countries in the world try very hard to keep their languages "pure" by keeping out foreign words. Some even pass laws against adding foreign words.



  • 1  France has a law like that.
    2  China is considering a law like that.

  • In contrast, English welcomes new words from many sources. That keeps
    the English language alive and flourishing. That's why so many people
    from non-English speaking countries find it so useful for so many
    purposes.


Can you name the ways new words come into the English language?