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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 5d1: Phrases ( DAY 1 )

Phrases, Day 1



  • You have already learned about :

    1. Parts of speech
    2. Basic parts of a sentence

What Will I Learn in This Lesson


    1. The definition of a phrase

    2. Prepositional phrases

    3. Adjective phrases


Phrase - Definition


  • Phrase : a group of words that do the work of a single part of speech in a sentence.
                    For example, a phrase can do the work of a single adjective or adverb.


  • Purpose of a phrase :

    1. To add information and details
    2. To help bring pieces of information together
    3. When used correctly, to help the reader understand ideas better


Using Prepositional Phrases


  • Review : A preposition is a word that relates a noun or pronoun to another word in a                 sentence.
    Examples of Prepositions : of, by, near, to, in, on, about, for, from.
                                                   To see more prepositions, see Unit 2 Lesson 6!

  • A prepositional phrase is made up of at least TWO parts :

    Preposition + noun or pronoun = prepositional phrase

    1. The noun or pronoun in a prepositional phrase is called the object of the preposition.
    2. In a sentence, a prepositional phrase always acts just like a one-word adjective or adverb!


Examples of Prepositional Phrases


    The following sentences are all simple sentences.


Can You Identify the Prepositional Phrase?

Directions : click on the prepositional phrase in each sentence.