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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 5d2: Adverbs ( Day 2 )

Distinguishing Adverbs from Adjectives

An adjective modifies a noun or pronoun

 It was an exciting movie.  "Exciting" is an adjective that modifies a noun "movie"
They are intelligent.   "Intelligent" is an adjective that modifies a pronoun "they"

An adverb modies a verb, adjective or other adverb.

 She called loudly.  "Loudly" is an adverb that modifies a verb "called."
 The door was partly closed.  "Closed" is an adverb that modifies an adjective "closed."
 He talked very quietly. "Quietly" is an adverb that modifies another adverb "very"


Distinguishing Adverbs from Adjectives

Some words may be adjective or adverbs depending on how they are used in a sentence.

Examples:

 Kevin is a fast runner.  In this sentence, "fast" is used as an adjective which modifies the noun "runner."  It tells what kind of runner Kevin is.
 We walked fast.  In this sentence, "fast" is used as an adverb which modifies the verb "walked."


Forming Adverbs from Adjectives

To form many common adverbs, add -ly to an adjective

 Adjective

 Adverb

 quiet  quietly
 sudden  suddenly
 strong  strongly
 serious  seriously
nervous   nervously


Frequently Confused Adjectives and Adverbs

Some adverbs and adjectives are often confused.  Sometimes the only way to distinguish them is to memorize them!  Examples of these are "good" and "well."

 Adjective

 Adverb

 Good - always an adjective

The apples look good

  Well - can be adjective meaning "healthy"

I am well.

Dad doesn't feel well.

 Well - can also be an adverb meaning "to perform capably."

She sang well in her recital. - modifies verb "sang"

He dances so well! - modifies verb "dances"