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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 6: Inference


Reading Skills Making Inferences
What Will I Learn Today?


  • Today you will learn about making inferences


  • Writers don't always describe everything that is happening. Sometimes you have to "read between the lines" to know why a character is feeling or acting a certain way.


  • You are making inferences!


Making Inferences


  • An Inference is a logical conclusion or a reasonable guess about a character.

  • Making inferences allows you to figure out things that aren't directly stated by the author.


How Do I Make an Inference?


  • You make inferences based on the information you are given and combine it with your own knowledge of people and life in general.

  • This equation shows how you make inferences :
    Clues in the text of the reading selection + What you know = Inference


 
Practice
Read the passage below from "Ginger for the Heart" by Paul Yee. Click on the underlined word to see its meaning.


  • Yenna had little to give him in farewell. All she found in the kitchen was a ginger root as large as her hand. As she stroked its brown knobs and bumpy eyes, she whispered to him. "This will warm you in the cold weather. I will wait for you, but, like this piece of ginger, I too will age and grow dry." Then she pressed her lips to the ginger, and turned away. "I will come back," the young man said. "The fire burning for you in my heart can never be extinguished.


What Inferences Did You Make From the Passage?
Try to answer the questions, then click next to see the answer.


  • Is Yenna wealthy or poor? Does she have a lot of things to give to the young man?


  • Do you think the young man will be gone for a short or long time?


  • How does the young man feel about Yenna?


 
What Inferences Did You Make From the Passage?
Try to answer the questions.


  • Is Yenna wealthy or poor? Does she have a lot of things to give to the young man?
    She is poor and she doesn't have much to give him. The passage says "Yenna had little to give him. All she found in the kitchen was a ginger root."

  • Do you think the young man will be gone for a short or long time?
    He'll be gone for a long time. She says she will wait but she will age at the same time. She doesn't expect him to return soon.

  • How does the young man feel about Yenna?
    He loves her. He says the fire in his heart will never die.


Practice


  • Read another passage from "Ginger for the Heart." Then look at the clues from the text on the next slide and make an inference.


  • Thereafter, Yenna lit a lamp at every nightfall and set it in the tower window. Rains lashed against the glass, snow piled low along the ledge and ocean winds rattled the frame. But the flame did not waver, even though the young man never sent letters. Yenna did not weep uselessly, but continued to sew and sing with her mother.


  • One day a dusty traveler came into the store and flung a bundled of ragged clothes onto the counter. Yenna shook out the first shirt and rolled out a ginger root. Taking it in her hand, she saw that pieces had been nibbled off, but the core of the root was still firm and fragrant.


Practice
Look at these clues from the text & make inferences. Click Next to check your answers.


  • Yenna lit a lamp at every night fall.
    Why did Yenna light a lamp every night?

  • Yenna did not weep uselessly, but continued to sew and sing with her mother.
    What does this tell us about Yenna's state of mind after the young man left?

  • Yenna shook out the first shirt and rolled out a ginger root.
    Who do you think the traveler is?


Practice
Look at these clues from the text & make inferences.


  • Yenna lit a lamp at every night fall.
    Why did Yenna light a lamp every night?
    To guide the young man back.

  • Yenna did not weep uselessly, but continued to sew and sing with her mother.
    What does this tell us about Yenna's state of mind after the young man left?
    Even though she never heard from the young man, she stayed happy and optimistic.

  • Yenna shook out the first shirt and rolled out a ginger root.
    Who do you think the traveler is?
    The young man who had come back to her.

  • The core of the ginger root was still firm and not rotten or dried out.
    What does this tell you about the love the young man has for Yenna?
    He still loves her. Like the ginger root, his love is fresh too.


  • Do you understand what inferences are?
  • Do you know how to use clues in the text of the selection and things you already know to make     inferences?
    If so continue with the lesson!