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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 6: Prepositions


What will we be learning in this lesson?

  • In this lesson you will learn :
    1. Definition of a preposition
    2. How to identify a preposition.
    3. How to distinguish a preposition from an adverb.
Questions to Keep in Mind

    1. What is a preposition?
    2. How can I identify a preposition?
    3. How can I tell a preposition from an adverb?

Definition of a Preposition

  • An preposition relates a noun or pronoun to another word in the sentence.

    Examples : The preposition is in blue italics . Notice how changing the preposition also changes the meaning of the sentence.

    1. The ball was hit over the fence.
    2. The ball was hit toward the fence.
    3. The ball was hit through the fence.
    4. The ball was hit into the fence.
    5. The ball was hit around the fence.


    Some prepositions that are used often are listed in the chart below


  • A few prepositions are made up of more than one word.

    Examples : The adverb is in blue italics

    1. That is the score according to the umpire.
    2. We need good pitching in addition to good hitting.
    3. The fielder's glove is next to the ball.
    4. Today, he bats first instead of batting cleanup.
    5. The game was postponed on account of rain.

How to Tell a Preposition from an Adverb

  • Many words can be used as either a preposition or an adverb. You must see how it is used in a sentence to tell whether it is a preposition or an adverb.

  • A preposition will ALWAYS be followed by a noun or pronoun and will form a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase may also include words that modify the noun or pronoun.

  • Preposition + Noun or Pronoun = Prepositional Phrase

See EXAMPLES on the next slide.

How to Tell Preposition from an Adverb

  • Pay special attention to the words in blue italics and click the speaker to hear the explanation.

  • Remember the questions answered by an adverb! See Unit 2 Lesson 5 if you've forgotten.

This is the end of the Lesson

    1. Do you know what a preposition is?
    2. Do you know how to identify a preposition?
    3. Can you tell a preposition from an adverb?

    If you can't answer these questions, review this Lesson.

    If you can answer these questions:
    1. Close out of the Lesson
    2. Complete the Practice Questions
    3. Take the Post-Test