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7th Grade Language Arts / Lesson 9d1: Combining Short Sentences

Combining Short Sentences

Why Should I Combine Short Sentences?


  • Books for beginning readers have very short, direct sentences.

  • They are easy to read, but that type of reading isn't very interesting or enjoyable to read.
  • Your writing should include sentences of varying lengths and complexity to create a flow of ideas.
  • EXAMPLE : We went to the planetarium. We saw planets.
  • COMBINED : 1 We went to the planetarium and saw planets. 2 We saw planets at the planetarium.


How Can I Combine Short Sentences?


  • There are many ways to combines short sentences into longer ones.

  • Sentences Three Important Ways to Combine Short

  • Use a compound subject
  • Use a compound verb
  • Combine independent clauses to form compound sentences


 
What Will I Learn Today?


  • By the end of this lesson you should be able to:

  • Recognize sentences created by using these methods to combine short sentences.


  • Be able to use these methods to combine short sentences in your writing.
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Using a Compound Subject


  • Example : Mary enjoyed watching the sky. Jessica enjoyed watching the sky.

  • Compound Subject : Mary and Jessica enjoyed watching the sky

  • Notice that both short sentences express the same basic idea.
  • By joining the subjects (Mary, Jessica) with the coordinating conjunction "and," a sentence with a compound subject has been created.


Using a Compound Verb


  • Example : Jason assembled the telescope. Jason watched the stars.

  • Compound Verb : Jason assembled the telescope and watched the stars.

  • Notice the verbs (assembled; watched) have been joined with the coordinating conjunction "and" to form a sentence with a compound verb.


Using a Compound Sentence


  • Compound sentence : two or more independent clauses joined
    together to create a single sentence.
    A compound sentence contains no subordinate clauses.

  • Two ways to form a compound sentence

  • Join independent clauses with a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, etc.) and a comma.
  • Join independent clauses with a semicolon.


Using a Coordinating Conjunction


    Example : The moon was full. It lit up the night. Compound Sentence: The moon was full, and it lit up the night.

  • The coordinating conjunction "and" joins the independent clauses.

  • Punctuating a compound sentence - place a comma before the coordinating conjunction.


    Example : John wanted to go to the zoo. Helen wanted to go to the mall.

  • Compound Sentence: John wanted to go to the zoo, but Helen wanted to go to the mall.
  • The coordinating conjunction joins the independent clauses.
  • A comma is used to punctuate the compound sentence.


Using a Semicolon


    Example : The sun shone brightly. Its rays beat down on the pavement.

  • Compound Sentence: The sun shone brightly; its rays beat down on the pavement.


  • When the ideas in the independent clauses are closely related, they can be joined by a semicolon to form a compound sentence.

  • Example : I love ice cream. My favorite flavor is chocolate. Compound Sentence: I love ice cream; my favorite flavor is chocolate.