The structure and responsibilities of the federal government were defined
by the constitution. The federal government's role has be expanded this
the Constitution was first written. This expanded role is defined in the
Amendments to the Constitution.
The federal government consists of 3 branches:
- Executive Branch
- Legislative Branch
- Judicial Branch
The Executive Branch consists of the President, Vice President, executive
departments and independent agencies. It is responsible for enforcing
the laws of the United States.
The Legislative Branch, or Congress, consists or the Senate and House
of Representatives. The Legislative Branch is responsible for making the
laws which govern the country.
The Judicial Branch consists of the federal courts such as the Supreme
Court, Court of Claims, Court of Customs, Circuit Courts of Appeals and
District Courts. They are responsible for interpreting the laws and ensuring
that the rights or the people are protected.