The state government is based on the Constitution. The Constitution states
that any powers not specifically given to the federal government are the
responsibility of the state. The details of a state government's structure
and responsibilities are defined by state constitutions. The state constitutions
differ from state to state, but they are all similar to, and do not contradict
the U.S. Constitution.
Like the federal government, the state government also has three branches:
- Executive Branch
- Legislative Branch
- Judicial Branch
The Executive Branch is headed by the governor. The governor and advisors
are responsible for carrying out the laws passed by the legislative branch,
and are also responsible for proposing new laws.
The Legislative Branch consists of the State House of Representatives
and the State Senate. They are responsible for making laws that relate
to state matters.
The Judicial Branch consists of a hierarch of courts including the State
Supreme Court, Appellate Courts, District Courts and Municipal Courts.
State courts hear cases relating to state law. They are responsible for
explaining the laws, applying the laws, settling disagreements and deciding
who is guilty of breaking a state law.