President George Washington - Video

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President George Washington

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George Washington took his oath of office as the first President of the United States on April 30, 1789. He is often referred to as the father of the country. He was the obvious choice to be the first president. In May 1775, the Second Continental Congress elected George Washington as the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. As a General, Washington successfully led the army through six grueling years of war. After winning the war for independence, Washington planned to retire to his fields at Mount Vernon. However, he soon realized that the existing Articles of Confederation were not functioning well, and became a major advocate leading to the Constitutional Convention at Philadelphia in 1787, and the development of a new Constitution. When the new Constitution was ratified, George Washington was unanimously elected President.

George Washington served as the first President of the United States of America from 1789 to 1797. As President, he established many of the customs and usages of the government's executive department. During his Presidency, he supported plans to build a strong central government by funding the national debt, implementing an effective tax system and creating a national bank. When the French Revolution led to a major war between France and England, Washington remained neutral, refusing to get involved in the war. By the end of his first term, he saw two parties were developing. He feared that the two parties would cause conflict and stagnation in the country. In his farewell address, he warned against partisanship, sectionalism and involvement in foreign wars. He warned against foreign influence in domestic affairs and American meddling in European affairs. He warned against bitter partisanship in domestic politics and called for men to move beyond partisanship and serve the common good. He counseled friendship and commerce with all nations.

Washington lived only three years into his retirement at Mount Vernon. He died of a throat infection December 14, 1799. At his funeral, Henry Lee stated that of all Americans, George Washington was "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen". Check out these videos to learn more about the first President of the United States of America.



















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